The answers are numerous. Pet overpopulation leads to unnecessary deaths of unwanted animals. Avoidance of unwanted behavior issues and avoidance of certain later life disease are just a few additional reasons to spay or neuter your pet.
According to the Humane Society of the United States, one unspayed female dog and her offspring can produce 67,000 dogs in a period of only 6 years. In 7 years on unspayed female cat and her offspring can produce as many as 420,000 cats. In 2007 at the Southwest Washington Humane Society in Vancouver, WA 12,601 cats and dogs were given up for adoption. Of those, 994 dogs and puppies and 5,579 cats and kittens were unnecessarily put to their death. For that reason, we strongly encourage responsible pet ownership by promoting spaying and neutering of companion cats and dogs.
Female cats and dogs emit a pheromone that can lure a mate for up to two miles. So, to avoid an unwanted pregnancy it is important to alter (spay) your female. The experience of having a female cat in heat is not only a horrible nuisance for the owner, but extremely uncomfortable for the cat. Female dogs generally have a heat every 6 months. It can be a messy prospect due to vaginal bleeding and the female can be susceptible to impregnation for up to three weeks. In addition, spaying females can eliminate all reproductive cancer possibilities and some studies suggest that it can greatly reduce the incidence of malignant mammary cancer or infections.
In male cats and dogs, the most frequently heard advantage to neutering is an attempt to limit or eliminate the “spraying” or “marking” that often happens with sexually mature male cats and dogs. Approximately 45 days after alteration, a neutered male has no testosterone and is less likely to “mark” or “spray”in an attempt to establish dominance with undesired urination. Neutered males in are also less likely to “roam” in search of a mate. This “roaming” can often times lead to the pet being lost or hit by a car. The elimination of testosterone also limits the inclination to protect or defend territory by fighting. Many studies suggest that neutering can eliminate or drastically reduce the probability of getting prostate infections. And, of course, altering male pets also eliminates the chance of testicular cancer.
Working together as a responsible community, we can help reduce the problem of pet overpopulation, neglect and avoidable health challenges.